An Overview Of TCP and Its Types?

networking protocol

This article will give you an in-depth explanation of what is TCP/IP? TCP stands for Transmission Control Protocol. It’s the most widely used protocol for data transmission. It uses checksum and sequence numbers to determine if transmissions are arriving in the correct order. A bit with an incorrect checksum will cause TCP to drop the segment. In case of a wrong checksum, TCP will drop the segment and continue processing the remaining pieces until the error is resolved.

Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)

TCP and its types are two major networking protocols that use the same rules to communicate over a network. They both use the same physical layer and are composed of the data link layer and the host-to-network layer. Unlike the earlier versions of the protocols, TCP is not made up of the presentation or session layers. TCP is the internet’s foundation, breaking messages into segments for efficient routing between network nodes. This protocol is highly scalable, nonproprietary, and enables various types of communication.

TCP provides a communications service between application programs and the Internet Protocol. It facilitates host-to-host connectivity in the transport layer of the Internet model. Users do not need to know the details of these protocols. Instead, they let TCP handle the details of network connection and handshaking. Applications use TCP to present a simplified abstraction of the network connection to other applications. MQTT requires an ordered packet stream and supports multiple protocols.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

FTP is a protocol for transferring files over the Internet. It has three transfer modes: stream, block, and compressed. In-stream mode, data is sent unprocessed, while in block mode, information is broken into blocks containing a header containing a byte count and data field. When using the compressed mode, data is compressed using an algorithm. It is used most commonly on midrange and mainframe systems.

In FTP, data is transferred through two TCP ports, port 20 and port 21. The first mode transfers information in a stream, while the second is used to send control commands. Each has its advantages, so you should familiarize yourself with both protocols before deciding which one to use.

Session Protocol (STP)

STP allows for secure communication. It uses security features, including authentication, encryption, and anti-poofing. Every LAN segment has a unique port known as the root port. Frames are sent through the RP and to the Root Bridge. A port ID is used to determine the root port. The STP port ID comprises a 1-byte priority value and the bridge’s unique port number.

The session layer is the most critical component of TCP. It builds sessions between applications and end devices. In addition, it ensures the integrity of transmitted data. STP uses a handshaking process before sending each packet to avoid data loss and corruption. The handshaking process is done every second to prevent data loss during transmission. For this reason, choosing a protocol that offers secure communication is essential.

UDP Protocol (UDP)

UDP protocol is a type of Internet communication standard with two significant characteristics: reliability and speed. It works well in applications where speed and reliability are not as important. Fast data capture, audio or video conferencing, and gaming are examples of UDP-based applications. These protocols ensure that many clients and dispersed systems may communicate reliably. UDP may be used in management procedures as well. UDP stands for User Datagram Protocol, a protocol designed for low-latency, loss-tolerant communication. Its simplicity makes it ideal for high-performance and real-time applications, as it allows for data transfer without the need to establish an end-to-end connection or three-way handshake. In addition, the protocol does not require data verification or integrity, which makes it ideal for applications that require high-speed, high-quality connections.